The LRA exists for the sole purpose of implementing and protecting the Torrens system of land titling and registration, as well as registration of transactions involving personal properties. Through its Registry Offices, it constitutes as the central repository of all land records involving registered or titled lands as well as registered transactions involving unregistered or untitled lands.
It issues decrees of registration pursuant to final judgment of the courts in land registration proceedings and cause the issuance by a registrar of deeds the corresponding certificate of title.
It is tasked to issue all subsequent or transfer certificates of title. It keeps the title history or records of transaction involving titled or registered lands. It provides legal and technical assistance to the courts relative to land registration cases, and to other government agencies with respect to registration of administratively issued titles. It likewise extends assistance to DAR in the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP).